Chart 1: ATMs Cut Bank Transaction Costs
Chart 2: Consolidation of ATM Networks
Chart 3: U.S. ATM Deployment 1980-1996
Chart 4: Spread of Double-Charging on the PLUS ATM Network
Chart 5: Revenue from ATM Double-Charges Explodes
Chart 6: ATM Surcharge-Free Alliances: Can They Survive?
Chart 7: VISA/MasterCard: Inconsistent Surcharge Policy
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