Committee Documents Online -- 106th Congress



Export Administration Act of 1999

Updated -- February 16, 2000

EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT OF 1999 ADDRESSES RECOMMENDATIONS
OF COMMISSION ON WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
WMD Commission Recommendations Export Administration Act of 1999
1. Target controls and enforcement on end-users of concern Specific provisions are included to address end-users from both a weapons of mass destruction and terrorist threat perspective.
2. Strengthen multilateral coordination and enforcement of controls The bill reflects an understanding that suppliers of technology and the threats have changed since the end of the Cold War. For example, the international arrangements section includes negotiating objectives to strengthen the multilateral regimes in which the U.S. participates, or to pursue new regimes that can be more effective if strengthening the current regimes can not be accomplished.
3. Enhance discipline in the system Improvements in transparency and accountability are central themes of this bill. Explicit timelines are provided for license review, and detailed minutes are required for all interagency meetings concerning license applications.
4. Rationalize common export control functions (between the Commerce List and the Munitions List) While the committee agreed in principle, major changes to increase commonality should wait for the results of the study recommended by the Commission, but the initial step of updating computing systems to improve communications among departments is authorized. The bill also includes several provisions that require improved cooperation with Customs officials.